Adoption, and shopping survey 2021, 85% of internet users over the age of 18 know what a vpn is. This is a 13% increase over 2020. However, vpns weren't always that well known. Experts first realized that the world needed vpns after the advanced research Mexico Phone Number List projects agency network (arpanet) was launched. Developed by the united states government's department of defense, arpanet was an early version of the internet. Arpanet encouraged the creation of the transfer control protocol/internet protocol (tcp/ip). Tcp/ip allowed devices and local networks to connect over a shared network.
This posed a cybersecurity risk as an outsider could use it to access devices within its network . Researchers from at&t bell labs and columbia Mexico Phone Number List university developed the first vpn, software ip encryption protocol (swipe), in1993. Wei xu and gurdeep singh-pall developed more vpn technologies in 1994 and 1996, respectively. Xu created ipsec and singh-pall (a microsoft employee) created the peer-to-peer tunneling protocol (pptp). In the earlymany companies and governments used vpns, and consumers began adopting them later in the mid-2010s.
Intended uses of vpn vpns are useful for people who want to: use wifi in a public place that is vulnerable to hacking or fraud (such as airports, cafes, and co-working spaces)surf the internet anonymously avoid targeted ads hide data from your isp great for flights, Mexico Phone Number List hotels, big shopping, etc. Get a better deal. Bypass government censorship or surveillance access geo-restricted websites and content protect themselves from viruses, ransomware,